Leghorns are a common Mediterranean breed of chicken, known for their large eggs. They are most commonly used for egg production. Originating in Italy, in 1865 they were named after the city Livorno, which translates to Leghorn in English.
Leghorns are often very nervous, flighty, and are not docile. It is very rare to find a docile leghorn, though they can be tamed. However nervous, they are very active foragers. They are often the first to understand how to use a nesting box and what they are for. They bear confinement quite well, but as with all breeds, must be able to satisfy their natural instincts for proper health. They rarely go broody.also after a year they start becoming more nervous and there health starts detereiting.
Leghorns are renowned for their egg production, and are the number one breed kept in commercial egg producing establishments for this purpose. Their eggs are an extra large white, and typically laid about 4-5 times a week. They are very reliable layers, laying on average 280-300 eggs a year. Leghorn cockerels are often used as fryers for the dinner table. They will begin to lay at about 4 1/2-5 months and will continue to lay 10-12 months longer than most layers.
Leghorns are not usually used for showing, for they do not have any "special" features. They have a single comb and four toes. They are not crested, do not have feathered feet, or extra toes.
Currently, the recognized varities are: